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How to choose a hive Location?

Feb. 07, 2018
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While bees can fly to three kilometers to find nectar and pollen, they spend less "travel time." Bees can be kept almost anywhere; they do not have to be in a "perfect" spot. Choosing the best possible location, however, increases the chances for a strong, productive colony. Consider both the bees and your neighbors when making your decision. Some points must to keep in mind are:

1.Bees need water to dilute honey and cool the hive during hot weather. If water is nearby, they can spend more time gathering nectar and less time collecting water. If necessary, a shallow water trough may be placed near the hive. Bees will drown in deep open water containers.

2.Bee behavior is affected by temperature. They rarely work when the temperature is below 13.8℃or above 37.8℃. They cannot fly when the temperature is below 13.8℃. On very hot days, bees cluster outside unshaded hives and do not work.

3.Field bees orient themselves with the sun and usually fly from mid-morning to mid-afternoon. Avoid placing hives on the west or north sides of buildings. Orient the hive entrance to the south or southeast but not into prevailing winds.

4.If you are in hilly country, locate your hive in a valley. Bees fly uphill for nectar and downhill when loaded with pollen or nectar. Locate the hive so you can carry filled supers down the slope to your storage area.

5.Located your bees close enough to your home to observe them regularly.

6.Distance the highways, sidewalks, or watering troughs because these might be a nuisance challenge for bees. If your hive is in this situation, bees leaving and returning to the hive must fly over the area.

7.Avoid locating the hive near large rivers bees must cross to forage. Bees within a half kilometer of wide rivers often drop into the water and drown when returning home tired and loaded with nectar.

8.Bees will fly three kilometers in any direction over level ground for nectar, but honey production increases if nectar is closer. Try to locate the hive near fall and spring nectar sources.


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